Гибискус разновидности с фото и названиями: Сорта гибискуса для домашнего разведения (с фото) — Проект «Цветочки»


Hibiscus varieties and types (photos and titles) – Flowers at home

Several decades ago, a Chinese rose could be found in almost every home.. Gradually, she became more of a «hospital» or «school» flower.

In institutions, she grew up in huge tubs.

And now hibiscus has so many fantastic varieties, that he is returning to the apartments.


Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. He is the most famous. The same, which is called the chinese rose. The origin of the name is unclear, After all, the Chinese rose is not at all like the roses we are used to, and another family of malvaceae.

In nature, hibiscus forms a 5-meter tree or bush.. The flowers are huge, near 12 cm, somewhat resemble garden mallow flowers. They reach a diameter 16-20 cm, are as simple, and terry. The coloration is impressive too. Yellow, white, salmon, red, orange… Two-color varieties are also not uncommon..

Hibiscus light-loving plants, and if the light is not enough, weak shoots with long internodes appear and flowering weakens. -Keep it in a relatively spacious pot or small tub, since even in a room it costs nothing to reach a height of 1.5 meters. Every year actively growing young specimens need to be transplanted into fresh soil.. You can buy ready-made for flowering houseplants or make it yourself from turf, peat, sand and humus, taken in equal amounts. Simultaneously with the transplant, pruning is carried out.

In March, the Chinese rose is successfully cut. Cut off young shoots approximately 15 cm and root them in a damp substrate, covering the pot with a transparent bag, or just in a jar of water. By autumn, young plants are ready to please with flowering.

Hibiscus winters most successfully in a cool room., but the temperature should not drop below 12 °. In the summer, he needs frequent watering., because when the soil dries out, the plant sheds foliage and buds. Winter watering is more rare. Besides, in room, where the air is dry, it is necessary to spray the foliage. Regular top dressing, preferably a fertilizer for flowering indoor plants.

Problems may arise with imported plants. More than once or twice I have heard about, that perfectly healthy-looking blooming hibiscus a month or two after purchase suddenly and very quickly (in a matter of days) fade. It means, that they already carried the infection.

What to do? First of all, never buy even slightly wilted plants, no matter how you like the flowers or no matter how the sellers persuade you. It is unlikely that this is the result of a single over-drying..

Bringing a new plant home, try to transplant it as soon as possible. Take the pot just a little larger than the previous one, shake off the peat if possible, where your hibiscus was, and add a suitable substrate. Spill well with copper fungicide.


Less common a variety of Cooper’s hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. cooperi). Its only difference from ordinary Chinese hibiscus is its narrower leaves with white specks.. Otherwise it is called variegated. The care is the same, like a chinese rose.

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«Sibling» of the Chinese rose dissected hibiscus (Hibiscus schizopetalis). It forms a large shrub with drooping shoots and large flowers on long stalks. As the name suggests, the petals are dissected and, moreover, bent back, which makes the flowers look exotic. The pistil protrudes strongly forward. Blooms in May-November. Look after him the same way, like Chinese hibiscus.

In addition to the Chinese rose, the Syrian rose is sometimes bred hibiscus syrian (Hibiscus syriacus). It is a deciduous shrub or small tree up to 5-6 m. Ovate leaves, 9-12 cm long. Flowers 6-12 cm in diameter, similar to mallow flowers, single, on short pedicels, with a wide-bell-shaped corolla of various colors from white to crimson, sometimes bicolor. Flowers can be more than simple, but also terry. Blooms profusely in April-September, growing slowly, blooms in the 3-4th year.


In indoor conditions, plants form low bushes, bloom until late autumn, and by winter they shed their leaves. At this time, Syrian hibiscus is best stored in a basement at a temperature of 8-10 °, sometimes watering, so that the roots do not dry out. Syrian hibiscus must be transplanted at the end of winter, prune and water abundantly. Keep only on a light window. Propagate the plant by seeds, cuttings, layers.

On the southern coast of Crimea, Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, in the south of Central Asia, Syrian hibiscus is cultivated in the open field, but in cold winters the plant freezes.

Let’s note one feature of the Syrian hibiscus: he is very late (around May) begins to wake up after wintering, because of what many gardeners think, that the plant died. Take your time to resort to cardinal «orgmers», and then in late July early August you will see, how the sleeping beauty will generously open all her buds.

Another «rose» Sudanese, Hibiscus subdariffa (hibiscus sabdariffa, or Rosella). It is an annual plant tall 2-3 m with a straight branchy stem. Single flowers, located in the leaf axils, calyx with protruding fleshy lobes, corolla yellow or cream. Occasionally cultivated in Transcaucasia, Central Asia. Seeds don’t ripen. In culture, common in all tropical countries.

The stems are used to obtain fiber for ropes and twine.. Mainly grown as a food plant fleshy cups, sometimes with the box, used for making cakes, they want, jam. Leaves and young shoots are used for salads. Petals are used to color liqueurs and syrups.

Of red petals, and also from cups («Rosanchik») prepare the famous red hibiscus tea.

To the vast genus hibiscus, which totals about 300 species, the vegetable plant okra also applies (hibiscus edible Gibiscus esculentus), which is sometimes bred by our vegetable growers.


This is a conditional classification, by origin. The variety of flower colors is impressive! Snow white, sunny yellow, orange-orange, pink of all shades, classic red and two-tone. Some varieties are attractive not only the size and color of the flowers, but also their form: the edge of the petals can be corrugated. Upset, that in many varieties the flowers do not last longer than a day, although instead of them the following, so it does not affect the splendor of flowering.

But in new varieties, the flowers do not fade already 3 and more days. These are the varieties, eg, from the series Sunny city (Sunny Cities) : Boreas (large white flower with ruffled edge of the petals and burgundy center), San Remo (white flowers), Torino (orange), Porto (red), Tivoli (salmon with lemon border), Kyoto Yellow (yellow with a blood red center). All these wonderful flowers hold on 3-4 every day.


Hibiscus hybrids developed in the USA have taken root in our gardeners under the name «Florida». Their flower only lasts a day, but they stand out to others: flowers of incredible lilac colors for hibiscus, lavender, brownish purple. In a word, these varieties have shades of blue, which was not there before. In addition to the unusual giant (to 25 cm!) flowers in Florida hibiscus more powerful bush: large, folded, rounded leaves, thick barrel.

Here are examples of varieties florida hibiscus. Purple Majestic (purple flowers with white specks), Feeling Blue (beautifully shaped lilac flowers), Swamp Music (lilac with burgundy center and golden brown edge), Carmen Keene (hot pink with white border), Athens (salmon), Festival of Lights (lilac flowers with a white border, speckled and red center), Creole Lady (blue with a yellow-orange thick border).

These varieties are rare. Buy them only from trusted collectors, so as not to be deceived. And pay attention, that these varieties are much more whimsical, than Dutch or common Chinese rose. They need warmth, humidity, bright, but diffused light. Likely, need backlight. Otherwise, flowering may not come or the flowers will fall off, not having time to blossom.


Types and varieties of Chinese rose. Varieties of Hibiscus. Edible hibiscus.

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© Author: L. Barinova, florist

Виды и сорта гибискуса

В HVH мы выращиваем экзотический тропический гибрид гибискуса.
Что это значит????